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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 101-105

Platform switch dental implants – Search for evidence:An overview

1 Department of Periodontics, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College and Hospital, Maduravoyal, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Periodontics, AadhiParasakthi Dental College and Hospital, Melmaruvathur, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
R Vijayalakshmi
Department of Periodontics, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College and Hospital, Maduravoyal, Chennai - 600 095, Tamil Nadu
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DOI: 10.4103/0976-433X.182660

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An implant prosthesis allows normal muscle function, and the implant stimulates the bone and maintains its dimensions in a manner similar to healthy natural teeth. Crestal bone loss can result in increased bacterial accumulation resulting in secondary periimplantitis which can further result in loss of bone support, which in turn can lead to occlusal overload resulting in implant failure. In implant dentistry, platform switching is a method used to preserve alveolar bone levels around dental implants. The concept refers to placing restorative abutment of narrower diameter on implants of wider diameter, rather than placing abutments of similar diameter, referred to as platform matching. This article is a literature overview of studies on platform switch implants and their effect on crestal bone loss.

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