SRM Journal of Research in Dental Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7--11

Prevalence of dental caries and gingivitis among corporation school-going children in Chennai city – A population-based cross-sectional study


Gamal Abdul Nasser1, Rupkumar1, Mohamad Junaid2 
1 Department of Prosthodontics, Tamil Nadu Government Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Gamal Abdul Nasser
Dr Nasser Dental Care, 8, Ritherden Road Vepery, Chennai - 600 007, Tamil Nadu
India

Aims: The aim was to evaluate the prevalence of dental caries and gingivitis among corporation school-going children and their treatment needs in Chennai city. Subjects and Methods: The present descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted among 3–19-year-old corporation school-going children of Chennai city. It was conducted for a period of 2 months from August 20, 2018, to October 20, 2018. A sample size of 20,007 children (9707 males and 10,300 females) was examined. Oral health status with emphasis on dental caries, gingivitis, and treatment needs was recorded. Statistical Analysis Used: The obtained data was analysed using SPSS 21.0 (IBM, USA). Results: The prevalence of dental caries in the participants examined was 34.72% (6946). About 1663 (23.94%) participants had dental caries involving single tooth, 293 (4.22%) had dental caries involving two teeth, and 4 (0.06%) had dental caries involving >2 teeth. Clinical pulpal involvement with pain on percussion was found in 4067 (58.55%) participants. Nine hundred and nineteen (13.23%) participants exhibited grossly decayed tooth advised for extraction. The prevalence of gingivitis in the participants examined was 8259 (41.28%). About 2672 (32.35%) participants had mild gingival inflammation, 5563 (67.36%) had moderate gingival inflammation, and 24 (0.29%) had severe gingival inflammation based on Loe and Silness gingival index scoring. On the basis of treatment needs, 59.5% of the participants were in need of treatment. Almost 34.3% of the screened participants were in need of primary care, whereas 25.1% of the screened participants were in need of advanced care. Conclusions: The present study reveals the current oral health status of corporation school-going children in Chennai corporation. The results obtained demand a special attention toward these children of less effluent families for the promotion of oral health by regular conduct of treatment camps by corporation and other agencies.


How to cite this article:
Nasser GA, Rupkumar, Junaid M. Prevalence of dental caries and gingivitis among corporation school-going children in Chennai city – A population-based cross-sectional study.SRM J Res Dent Sci 2019;10:7-11


How to cite this URL:
Nasser GA, Rupkumar, Junaid M. Prevalence of dental caries and gingivitis among corporation school-going children in Chennai city – A population-based cross-sectional study. SRM J Res Dent Sci [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Apr 23 ];10:7-11
Available from: http://www.srmjrds.in/article.asp?issn=0976-433X;year=2019;volume=10;issue=1;spage=7;epage=11;aulast=Nasser;type=0