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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 227-232

Vitamin D: A “Sun Shine” on the periodontium

1 Department of Periodontics, Pushpagiri College of Dental Sciences, Thiruvalla, Kerala, India
2 Consultant Periodontist, Sanjeevani Hospital, Chengannur, Kerala, India
3 Consultant Periodontist, Jayvees Dental Clinic, Maramon, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Annie Kitty George
Department of Periodontics, Pushpagiri college of Dental Sciences Medicity, Perumthuruty, Thiruvalla, Kerala
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DOI: 10.4103/srmjrds.srmjrds_70_19

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Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin with pleiotropic effects on different organ systems of the body. Major portion of the vitamin is synthesized in the epidermis under the influence of sunlight. Conventionally, Vitamin D had been solely associated with the metabolism and health of skeletal tissues. Osteomalacia/osteoporosis in adults and rickets in children were the only symptoms previously attributed to Vitamin D deficiency. The potential role of adequate Vitamin D for the proper functioning of diverse tissues throughout the body is now well recognized. The prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency is rampant and affects people of all ages. Vitamin D is essential for the maintenance of periodontal health. Adequate levels of the vitamin have a “perio-protective” effect and can decrease susceptibility to periodontal diseases. This “sunshine effect” of the vitamin on the periodontium can be mainly attributed to its immune-modulatory action. This review addresses the basics of Vitamin D metabolism and underlines the role of Vitamin D on periodontal health, disease, and therapy.

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