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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 197-199

Intermolar width: A reliable tool in gender determination

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Microbiology, SRM Dental College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Priyadharini Shankaran
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology and Microbiology, SRM Dental College, Ramapuram, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
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DOI: 10.4103/srmjrds.srmjrds_55_19

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Introduction: Forensic odontology plays a pivotal part in victim recognition. Stable landmarks enable identification of the deceased when the remains are mutilated par recognition. In our study, we propose to employ intermolar width as an aid in gender determination.Aim: The aim of this study was to determine and correlate the intermolar width with either gender. Materials and Methods: The intermolar widths of 100 patients were determined. Impressions were made and the dental casts were evaluated using a Digital Vernier Caliper for intermolar width. Results: In our study, mean was calculated for intermolar arch width in maxillary arch for males and females. Student's t-test was employed to evaluate the means of the intermolar width in maxillary and mandibular arches for males and females. The mean was statistically significant with P< 0.05. Male and female maxillary arch intermolar width was 45.74 ± 2.09 and 47.44 ± 1.82, respectively, with t value of 5.98. Conclusion: From the results, we conclude that maxillary intermolar arch width can be employed as a tool in gender identification of individuals.

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