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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 53-57

Knowledge and attitudes of dental graduates regarding the application of child psychology during the behavioral guidance of children: A cross-sectional survey of dental students


Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Narayana Dental College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sreekanth Kumar Mallineni
Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Narayana Dental College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh
India
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DOI: 10.4103/srmjrds.srmjrds_10_18

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Aims: This study aims to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of the dental graduates regarding the clinical application of the theories of child psychology during the behavior guidance while treating children in the routine dental practice. Materials and Methods: A structured close-ended questionnaire comprising of 14 questions related to the theories of child psychology and behavior guidance was prepared. The validity was tested by mailing the questionnaire to 10 experienced pediatric dentists and modified based on their suggestions. The modified questionnaire was distributed to 300 (postgraduates [PGs]; students on compulsory regular rotatory internship/interns; undergraduates [UGs]) dental students belonging to a private institution. The data were obtained, tabulated, and analyzed statistically. Results: Many of the respondents had knowledge regarding basic behavior guidance techniques (BGTs) such as tell-show-do, positive reinforcement, distraction, and modeling. Knowledge and practice on advanced BGTs was minimal. Conclusion: PGs had better knowledge, compared to the UG students. Hence, there is a need to build awareness among the UGs, relates to child psychology and its application during treatment.


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